The court has authority to order one spouse to pay maintenance to the other if it makes either of the following two findings respective to the spouse seeking maintenance:
a. Considering the standard of living established during the marriage, the spouse seeking maintenance lacks sufficient property, including marital property apportioned to him or her, to provide for reasonable needs, especially during but not limited to a period of training or education; or
b. After considering the standard of living established during the marriage and all relevant circumstances, the spouse seeking maintenance is unable to provide adequate self-support through appropriate employment, or is the custodian of a child whose condition or circumstances make it appropriate that the custodian not be required to seek employment outside the home.
c. Once it’s determined maintenance will be awarded, the court must consider all relevant factors to determine the amount and duration of the maintenance:
i. The financial resources of the spouse seeking maintenance, including marital property apportioned to that spouse, and his or her ability to meet his or her needs independently, including the extent to which a provision for support of a child living with the spouse includes a sum for that spouse as custodian;
ii. The time necessary to acquire sufficient education or training to enable the spouse seeking maintenance to find appropriate employment and the probability, given the spouse’s age and skills, of completing education or training and becoming fully self-supporting;
iii. The standard of living established during the marriage;
iv. The duration of the marriage and, in the case of a homemaker, the length of absence from employment and the extent to which any education, skills or experience have become outmoded and earning capacity has become permanently diminished.
v. The loss of earnings, seniority, retirement benefits, and other employment opportunities foregone by the spouse seeking spousal maintenance;
vi. The age and physical and emotional condition of the spouse seeking maintenance;
vii. The ability of the spouse from whom maintenance is sought to meet his or her needs while meeting those of the spouse seeking maintenance; and
viii. The contribution of each party in the acquisition, preservation, depreciation, or appreciation in the amount or value of the marital property, as well as the contribution of the spouse as homemaker.
See Minn. Stat. 518.003.
Either party may from time to time make a motion to modify an order respecting the amount of maintenance. An extension of the duration of a temporary maintenance award constitutes a modification of the award. A modification of a spousal maintenance order must be based on a showing that the order is unreasonable and unfair by reason of one of the following factors:
a. Substantially increased or decreased earnings of a party;
b. Substantially increased or decreased needs of a party;
c. Receipt of public assistance; or
d. A change in the cost of living of either party as measured by the federal bureau of statistics.